SOLAR ELECTRICITY BASICS
Light from the sun is converted to usable electricity. Solar modules (panels) are made from thin layers of silicon, a semiconductor material that absorbs the sun’s rays and turns these rays into electricity. The sun’s photons, or particles of light, knock electrons free from atoms, generating a flow of electricity. This process is called photovoltaic.
The conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry. Photovoltaic can also be defined as: of, relating to, or utilizing the generation of a voltage when radiant energy falls on the boundary between dissimilar substances.
Photons from sunlight strike the solar cell.
Energy from photons create free electrons that accumulate in the negative silicon.
An external circuit allows electrons to flow, creating an electrical current.
PRODUCE YOUR OWN ELECTRICITY
Many utility providers offer net metering, and if your solar array produces more electricity than you use, it is fed back into the electrical grid and your electric (smart meter) meter actually spins backwards, reducing or eliminating your electric bill.
INVEST IN YOUR FUTURE
Lock in your electricity rate today and invest in your future. It is a safe bet that electricity rates are not going to decrease.
STATE REBATES, INCENTIVES AND TAX CREDITS
Database of State Incentives for Renewable & Efficiency (DSIRE)
Federal Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit
Federal Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC)
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